Four of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin’s (1870-1924) major writings, in one volume:
What is to Be Done? – Lenin’s critical 1902 pamphlet, outlining the need for a disciplined revolutionary party with a central newspaper, based on a Marxist theoretical foundation.
The history of all countries shows that the working class, exclusively by its own efforts, is able to develop only trade-union consciousness … Class political consciousness can be brought to the workers only from without; that is, only from outside the economic struggle, from outside the sphere of relations between workers and employers. … The sphere of relationships (of all classes and strata) to the state and the government, the sphere of the interrelations between all classes.
Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism – Writing in 1916 from exile in Zurich, Lenin examines the development of monopoly capitalism, the capture of sources for raw materials, the development of finance capital, and the struggle for colonies between the nation-states, to understand the outbreak of World War One. This intensification of all the contradictions of capitalism led to an intense struggle for the re-division of the world. Colonial spoils allow the imperialist nations to corrupt a section of workers in the labor bureaucracy.
The State and Revolution – Written in August 1917 from his refuge in Finland, Lenin prepared for the October Revolution. He reviews the lessons on the state drawn by Marx and Engels’ from the revolution of 1848 and the Paris Commune of 1871.
The Development of Capitalism in Russia (excerpts from five chapters) – Written from prison and then Siberia and published in 1899, Lenin stressed the development of the working class under capitalism as the revolutionary opposition to the Tsarist autocracy, against the peasant-oriented Narodniki movement.