Excellent summary by V.I. Lenin of the historical, philosophical and economic foundations of Marxism. Lenin wrote “The Three Sources and Three Component Parts of Marxism” as a tribute marking the thirtieth anniversary of Marx’s death. This short work has become one of the best known introductions to the complex theories of Marxism, precisely explaining how Marx “continued and consummated” classical German philosophy, English political economy and French socialism and revolutionary doctrine.
Lenin introduces the reader to the most essential concepts of Marxism – an “integral and harmonious” scientific theory based on a dialectical and historical materialist understanding of society and the development of social knowledge. He provides a brief exposition of Marx’s development of the labor theory of value, the theory of the class struggle, and Marx’s unique and most significant contribution to political economy, the theory of surplus value.