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Historical and International Foundations

Tracing essential historical events and political experiences spanning more than a century, these documents establish the theoretical and political basis of the struggle for socialism conducted today by the Socialist Equality Parties, the sections of the International Committee of the Fourth International, the leadership of the world socialist movement, the Fourth International founded by Leon Trotsky in 1938. 

The Place of the Two American Revolutions: Past, Present and Future – a July 4th discussion

In a July 4th discussion hosted by the WSWS and moderated by Tom Mackaman and David North, five eminent historians: Victoria Bynum, Clayborne Carson, Richard Carwardine, James Oakes and Gordon Wood addressed some of the most pressing issues of American and world history, including:
*the intellectual and social influence of the Declaration of Independence;
*the parts played by such figures as Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass;
*the international impact of the American Civil War;
*the presence or absence of the concepts of “revolution” and “class” in contemporary historiography;
*the ongoing attacks on the two American revolutions;
*the malignant growth of social inequality today, deepened and worsened by the horrific COVID-19 pandemic.

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