In these two essays Russian Marxist Historian Vadim Rogovin refutes the claim that the rise of Stalinism in the USSR was the inexorable product of the October Revolution. He demonstrates that there existed a strong movement led by Leon Trotsky which offered a realistic alternative to Stalinism and that a struggle against this movement was the primary function of the Stalinist terror.
He writes that the terror "was political genocide against Soviet and foreign communists, a preventive civil war, the only political means which Stalin could use to retain power and suppress that part of the Soviet and international communist movement which, potentially or in fact, was a political force representing an alternative to his totalitarian regime."
His work thus refutes the state-sponsored historian of both the United States and Russia, whose academic laurels depend upon historical facts to political needs.
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